It was a personal invitation from Kyi, who has advocated for democratic rule in the nation for decades, that brought Jolie Pitt to Myanmar for the first time.
Her trip – conducted in her capacity as both the co-founder of the Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative and as a U.N. Refugee Agency Special Envoy – took her to Yangon, where she and Kyi met with female workers.
They toured a factory and discussed the workers' living conditions.
"I am looking forward to meeting with many people including women's groups, civil society, displaced people and youth, to learn firsthand from them about their concerns and hopes for the future of their country," Jolie Pitt, 40, told PEOPLE earlier this week.
In Yangon, Jolie Pitt also met with first-time female voters during a trip to the "She Leads" program, which works to help women understand the democratic electoral process.
Tom Stoddart / Getty
Conflicts in Rakhine in 2012 killed almost 200 and displaced another 140,000, according to the Myanmar Times, and many have not been able to return to their homes.
"The situation for the displaced inside this country is extremely serious," Jolie Pitt said in a statement to PEOPLE.
Angelina Jolie's Inspiring Speech: 'Different Is Good'
She continued: "One man I met expressed his concerns by saying he was afraid that in years to come his community would be found only in history books – and that the lack of medicine and healthcare is a top priority."
Jolie Pitt was previously welcomed to parliament by Myanmar's House Speaker Shwe Mann, and she has met with local advocates and groups working to promote both human rights and women's rights, voter education and election participation.
Reporting by MARY GREEN