Star Tracks: Monday, May 16, 2016 42 years, 2,191 covers and 55,436 stories from PEOPLE magazine's history for you to enjoy
- The Name Says It All: Make a 'Pumpkin Stuffed with Everything Good'
- Read the Cover Story: Brad & Angelina Split After 12 Years: It's Over
- 'Charlotte Loves Her Teddies!' Says Princess Kate – See All the Gifts the Little Royals Have Been Given So Far in Canada
- Shelter Removes Stray Dog's 'Enormous' 3.5 Lb. Tumor, Readies Him for Adoption
- Celebs at Home: Vanessa Hudgens, Sarah Jessica Parker, Olivia Munn and More!
People Top 5
LAST UPDATE: Tuesday February 10, 2015 01:10PM EST
PEOPLE Top 5 are the most-viewed stories on the site over the past three days, updated every 60 minutes
- May 23, 1977
- Vol. 7
- No. 20
Leonard Woodcock Is Leaving the U.A.W., and the Fortune Cookies Say He's Bound for Peking
But credentials as a traveling companion are not required for the trip to Peking, and that is where Woodcock seems headed.
President of the 1.4 million-member United Automobile Workers for seven years, Woodcock, 66, passed his union's mandatory retirement age in February. He will step down this week at the UAW's triennial convention in Los Angeles, after which he is the odds-on favorite to be named U.S. envoy to the People's Republic of China. (In the absence of formal diplomatic relations between the U.S. and China, the post carries the rank of ambassador without the title.)
Though he lacks the training and experience of an old China hand, Woodcock is a master of delicate bargaining. Earlier this year President Carter appointed him head of a special commission to Vietnam and Laos seeking information on missing U.S. servicemen. The UAW chief performed with distinction (Hanoi returned the bodies of 11 American airmen and hinted at further cooperation), and the President clearly took notice.
Born in Providence, R.I., Woodcock was the son of a British master machinist who found himself in Germany at the outbreak of World War I and was interned until the fighting ended. Young Leonard and his mother waited out the war in England, where he received his early schooling. The Woodcocks were eventually reunited and made their way back to the U.S.—to Detroit—where Leonard enrolled in what is now Wayne State University. The Depression cut short his student days and sent him to work in a machine shop at 35 cents an hour, 84 hours a week.
Joining a forerunner of the UAW in 1933, he began a long, gradual climb through the ranks. He became first assistant to the UAW president in 1946, a vice-president in 1955 and head negotiator vis-à-vis General Motors in 1958. When the legendary Walter Reuther died in a plane crash in 1970, Woodcock succeeded to the UAW presidency.
A socialist in his younger days, he has maintained his union's traditional commitment not only to bread-and-butter issues but also to broad social reforms. He gets high marks even from adversaries in the auto companies. "He has a temper and a cutting wit," says a GM official, "but he never loses control of himself."
Among the most private of public men, Woodcock has lived alone since he and his wife, Loula, separated in 1963. She lives in California. Their three children (two daughters and a son) are grown, and Woodcock's home is a book-cluttered, 22nd-floor bachelor apartment in downtown Detroit. Some acquaintances find him aloof (no one calls him "Len" or "Lenny") but not rigid. Once a hawk on Vietnam, he changed his mind after heated disagreements with his daughters. "They were so right and I was so wrong," he later confessed ruefully.
Despite a period of deep political estrangement, Woodcock's oldest daughter believes her father is an excellent choice for envoy to China. "He is a self-contained person, and I'm sure he could handle the loneliness of the job," says Mrs. Leslie Tentler, 32, a teacher of labor history at the University of Michigan. "He has values and he's not afraid to be forthright. That's what I respect him for the most. It was the best kind of parenting he could give."
Treat Yourself! 4 Preview Issues
The most buzzed about stars this minute!