Archive Page - 08/16/13 41 years, 2,180 covers and 55,278 stories from PEOPLE magazine's history for you to enjoy
- From EW: Cougar Town Series Finale React: Saying Goodbye to the Cul-de-Sac Crew
- The Best Photos from the Week of Mar. 23- Mar. 29, 2015
- 19 Kids and Counting Recap: Ben and Jessa Tie the Knot (and Kiss Behind Closed Doors!)
- Joni Mitchell Reportedly Rushed to Hospital
- The X-Files Revival: David Duchovny Reveals Big Casting News to David Letterman
On Newsstands Now
- Matthew McConaughey: In His Own Words
- Jessa Duggar's Wedding Album
- Brittany Maynard's Final Days
Pick up your copy on newsstands
Click here for instant access to the Digital Magazine
People Top 5
LAST UPDATE: Tuesday February 10, 2015 01:10PM EST
PEOPLE Top 5 are the most-viewed stories on the site over the past three days, updated every 60 minutes
- June 07, 1982
- Vol. 17
- No. 22
Captured in the Falklands, An Argentine Captain Is Unmasked as a Torturer
The British sense of fair play is being sorely tested now. The other 189 Argentines captured on South Georgia have already been released and repatriated. But Astiz remained in custody on Ascension Island awaiting transfer to Britain. The governments of Sweden and France have asked for permission to question him about his involvement in the 1977 disappearances in Buenos Aires of two French nuns and a 17-year-old girl holding dual Swedish-Argentine nationality. "We've had no reply so far to our request," a Swedish official reports. "But I guess at the moment the British have other priorities." A British foreign office spokesman reports, "We are addressing ourselves to that at the moment." But sources in London suggest that internationally accepted rules on treatment of war prisoners will prevent investigation of Astiz about his secret-police actions.
The identification of Astiz appears solid. "It's him," says ex-prisoner Sara Solarz de Osatinsky, naming Astiz as the man who masterminded her abduction from a Buenos Aires street in 1977. At the time she was an accountant involved in the antigovernment Peronist movement. "Other officers tortured me, but he tortured a friend of mine." Now living in Europe, Solarz was among thousands kidnapped following the military takeover in 1976. She recalls that the blond-haired Astiz was known variously as "White Angel," "Crow" and "Captain Death," names confirmed by other victims tortured by Astiz operatives at Argentina's Navy Engineering School. Solarz says that Astiz had an unusual trait: He liked to chat with his victims, apparently confident they would never live to testify against him. Once she heard him say, "We have to eliminate all these troublemakers—journalists, writers, protesters. They, their families, their friends, their children—they must disappear from the face of the earth."
Perhaps the most revolting crimes ascribed to Astiz are the abductions of the two French nuns along with nine other human rights activists in Buenos Aires. Astiz had penetrated the group by posing as a sympathizer, claiming his brother had been kidnapped by the regime. Sister Alice Domont, 41, was utterly taken in. After one torture session, she asked fellow victim Solarz, "Did they take the tall blond boy too?" The "boy," of course, was Astiz. Sister Alice and Sister Leonie Duquet, 61, have not been seen since; French authorities believe they are dead. Swedish officials presume that teenager Dagmar Hagelin, the daughter of an Argentine mother and a Swedish businessman father, is alive, but there is no evidence to support such optimism.
In the period between 1976 and 1978, up to 15,000 Argentine civilians disappeared after capture by security forces. Many were apparently taken to the navy school "engine room" where Astiz operated. Between electric shock sessions, Solarz says, she and other prisoners were kept hooded. They were chained, forbidden to speak, and forced to lie on urine-soaked straw. Music was played at full volume to drown out the victims' screams. Though notorious, the "school" was only one of Argentina's nine torture centers.
The U.S.-educated son of a wealthy rear admiral, Astiz was a bright young officer with parachuting and combat diving qualifications. Apparently his fervent anti-Communism helped him justify his 1976 transformation into a torturer. When his acts became notorious, authorities sent him under an assumed name to serve the Argentine government in Paris and Pretoria, South Africa. Each time, Astiz was exposed. His next posting was South Georgia.
Though Britain and Argentina are not technically at war, the hostilities are covered by the 1949 Geneva Convention. Ironically, it provided Astiz a protection that he apparently denied to others. The Convention states: "No physical or mental torture...may be inflicted on prisoners of war to secure from them information of any kind whatsoever."
Treat Yourself! 4 Preview Issues
The most buzzed about stars this minute!