Bill Rancic Defends His Wife Giuliana After Fashion Police Controversy: 'I Tried to Get Them to Release the Footage' 42 years, 2,191 covers and 55,436 stories from PEOPLE magazine's history for you to enjoy
- WATCH: Kristen Stewart and Nicholas Hoult Try to Resist Their Feelings in Clip from Sci-Fi Drama Equals
- Read the Cover Story: Steve Harvey: From Homeless to Having It All
- Khloé Kardashian Feels Conflicted About Her Exes: 'If People Are Destructive to You Emotionally, That Still Doesn't Mean You Can't Love Them'
- Mother-in-Law of Murdered Texas Fitness Instructor Shares Love Story Between Her Son and Daughter-in-Law: 'She Was Definitely the One'
- WATCH: Jennifer Holliday Surprises The View's Whoopi Goldberg with Superstar Co-Host Karaoke Performance of 'And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going'
On Newsstands Now
- Matthew McConaughey: In His Own Words
- Jessa Duggar's Wedding Album
- Brittany Maynard's Final Days
Pick up your copy on newsstands
Click here for instant access to the Digital Magazine
People Top 5
LAST UPDATE: Tuesday February 10, 2015 01:10PM EST
PEOPLE Top 5 are the most-viewed stories on the site over the past three days, updated every 60 minutes
- May 06, 1985
- Vol. 23
- No. 18
At a California Hospital, the Surgeon with the Steadiest Hand Is a Robot Named Ole
The world's first neurosurgical robot, Ole is a computer controlled, six-jointed mechanical arm fitted with a modified hand. Its specialty is stereo-tactic neurosurgery, a technique for guiding needles or other instruments into predetermined points through a small hole drilled into the skull. In the operating room, Ole thus can aid doctors in brain tumor biopsies, abscess drainage and implantations of radioactive isotopes directly into tumors.
A team led by Yik San Kwoh, director of computer tomography research in Memorial's radiology department, spent three years programming the robot's skills. At Ole's debut it worked in tandem with a CAT scanner, which helped doctors determine the target point inside the skull of a 52-year-old patient with brain lesions. After the drilling Kwoh watched a computer screen to guide a probe in Ole's "hand" to the exact destination. A section of the patient's brain tissue was removed and sent to the lab for tests. The patient under local anesthesia remained conscious throughout the delicate, four-hour-plus operation.
Why use a robot in place of a surgeon's skilled hands? "No hand can match the robot's precision," Kwoh explains. "Ole is accurate to½000th of an inch."
Kwoh, 39, who was born in China, came to the U.S. from Hong Kong in 1968, earned degrees in electrical engineering from Louisiana Tech University and a Ph.D. from USC. After joining Memorial's research group, he worked on a variety of computer related projects that ultimately led to Ole (so dubbed to honor longtime hospital benefactor Svend Olsen). While Kwoh is already working on an improved Ole with even more refined skills, he quickly adds that robots will never drive surgeons out of operating rooms. "Rather, the robot relieves surgeons of routine tasks," he says, "enabling the doctor to focus on what he can do best—taking care of the patient."
Treat Yourself! 4 Preview Issues
The most buzzed about stars this minute!