Ronald Reagan Is Tutored on the Holocaust by One Who Survived It, Writer Elie Wiesel
The week's events and their aftermath left Wiesel emotionally ravaged. On April 15 he had convened an emergency meeting of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council (created in 1978 to establish a museum in Washington, D.C.), of which he is chairman. There was a move among the council's 65 members to resign en masse, but Wiesel managed to stall them. "I don't like threats," he explains. He considered boycotting the award, as many friends counseled, but finally decided to accept because "it's not the President's award, it's a Congressional award, from the American people." Even so, Wiesel and council members met in a second session, after Reagan asserted that, like inmates of the camps, the German soldiers he would honor "are victims of Nazism also." Too tormented to sleep, Wiesel rose at 4 a.m. on Friday morning to toughen his speech.
At least one leader of a Holocaust survivors' group indirectly criticized the "soft-spoken words" Wiesel chose. Despite Wiesel's deferential tone ("I don't believe in discourtesy," he says), it took courage to tell a President to his face that he was wrong. And Wiesel first had to force the White House to back down on an attempt to limit his remarks to three minutes. Then, recalling even briefly the "suffering and loneliness" in the camps, the speech took its toll. Explains Wiesel, "I had to close my eyes and see myself 40 years ago."
Wiesel was a starving teenager when American troops liberated Buchenwald in April 1945. His father, Shlomo, had died in the camp three months before. Their hellish odyssey had begun when the Nazis herded the Jews of Wiesel's Hungarian village of Sighet onto cattle cars bound for Birkenau. The boy's mother and younger sister were killed on arrival. After liberation it took Wiesel 10 years before he could bring himself to write about the trauma.
Despite his insistence on memory, Wiesel agrees with Reagan that "the time to reconcile is now." Rather than a visit to a cemetery containing the graves of 47 Storm Troopers, Wiesel beseeches the President "to go to a university and give them a message of humanity."
What troubles him most is that Reagan equated German soldiers with the slaughtered millions. "Did any soldier in Germany feel what a concentration camp inmate felt, to know that he and his entire family are condemned to death?" Wiesel asks. "There is such a qualitative difference that it is almost unworthy of explaining." Wiesel still believes Reagan to be "sincere and genuine" and hopes he will yet come around. "He must correct himself and clear the record," Wiesel says. "He cannot leave this hideously inaccurate comparison between the Nazis and their victims on our consciousness."
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