Lohan was handcuffed in a Los Angeles court and taken away by sheriff's deputies following a half-hour hearing. A sheriff's deputy confirmed to PEOPLE the $100,000 bail that was set will be processed at the courthouse, and Lohan was released at 12:17 p.m.
Lohan is expected back in court for a Nov. 2 hearing to formally determine whether she violated probation.
Judge Stephanie Sautner said on Wednesday that Lohan "blew off" nine scheduled appointments at the Downtown Women's Center, where the actress had been ordered to complete 360 hours for her necklace theft case. Because of the no-shows, Lohan had been kicked out of the program.
The actress's attorney Shawn Holley argued it was premature to find Lohan in violation, saying the missed appointments were due to work commitments abroad.
Holley also pointed out that Lohan received a "glowing" report from her psychiatrist. "The report says Ms. Lohan has reached a turning point in her accountability and maturity," Holley argued in court.
The judge retorted: "Failing to show up nine times [to the shelter] is reaching a turning point in her maturity?"
Lohan also has yet to begin janitorial duty at the L.A. County morgue, where she was previously ordered to complete 120 hours.
Lohan, who wore a sleeveless white dress and her hair in a ponytail, looked calm as she was led away.
"She's a strong girl. She understands that she has to comply with the court," Lohan's rep Steve Honig tells PEOPLE. "It's the judge's ruling and she gets that. She is going do what she needs to do – she's going to the morgue to perform community service."
If she's found in violation at the Nov. 2 hearing, Lohan could face a new jail sentence, but whether that amounts to hard time remains to be seen because of severe overcrowding issues at Lynwood Jail.
Lohan is currently on probation for three years and was sentenced to community service after she pleaded no contest to misdemeanor theft. The actress had been ordered to complete all her community service hours by the year's end.
In June, she served 35 days of home confinement and was released early because she's a nonviolent offender and there are budgetary issues and jail overcrowding.
Reporting by LIZ McNEIL