Bieber was at the home when nearly a dozen deputies served the warrant Tuesday morning and he was being cooperative with investigators, sheriff's spokesman Steve Whitmore said.
During the raid, police arrested an individual for felony drug possession, the Los Angeles Times reports. The person's identity was not immediately disclosed, but police confirmed that it was not Bieber.
Deputies are investigating Bieber, 19, for allegedly throwing eggs at a neighbor's home on Thursday evening and damaging its exterior. The singer lives in a gated community in Calabasas, a celebrity enclave about 30 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles.
Whitmore said the search warrant is for a possible felony case because the damage to the neighbor's home exceeded $400.
According to a press release from the sheriff's department, the purpose of the search was "to seek video surveillance or other possible evidence" in the ongoing vandalism case, whose damage was estimated to be approximately $20,000.
An email message sent to Bieber's publicist Melissa Victor was not immediately returned.
Previous investigations into Bieber's conduct by the sheriff's department against the "Boyfriend" singer have not resulted in charges.
In October, prosecutors declined to charge Bieber after a neighbor complained he drove recklessly through the area. Prosecutors in November 2012 also declined to charge the singer after a paparazzo accused him of punching and hitting him after leaving a Calabasas movie theater.