Nelson Mandela 1918-2013

Nelson Mandela: His Life in Pictures

With his passing on Dec. 5, PEOPLE looks back at the amazing life of South Africa's legendary leader

RESILIENT AS EVER

After stepping down from office, Mandela curtails public appearances and focuses on family and his charity, the Nelson Mandela Foundation. He also battles myriad health problems, including prostate cancer in 2001, an acute respiratory infection in 2011 and a lung infection in 2012 and 2013. But he manages to attend the closing ceremonies of the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, earning "roars" from the crowd.